Knut Sogner: “The fall and rise of Norwegian IT industry in the global age”, Business History Review, Vol. 81, No. 4, 2007, 709-734


“Although Norway’s information-technology (IT) industry has never been an international success, it has been a critical factor in the country’s economy over the past thirty years. Several IT companies came close to reaching a global scale, but escalating costs finally prevented them from doing so. In addition, the IT firms became sidetracked by the domestic sales opportunities that accompanied the expansion of the Norwegian oil sector, as they chose to design specialized products for national markets instead of targeting the international marketplace. Although their decision resulted in organizational continuity, the firms themselves have experienced turbulence, bankruptcy, and change, making the development of the sector a messy and problematic affair.”